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CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF OZONE LAYER DEPLETION

02 Jul, 2018

Ozone layer depletion is one of the most serious problems faced by our planet earth. It is also one of the prime reasons which are leading to global warming. Ozone is a colourless gas which is found in the stratosphere of our upper atmosphere. The layer of ozone gas is what which protects us from the harmful ultraviolet radiations of the sun. The ozone layer absorbs these harmful radiations and thus prevents these rays from entering the earth’s atmosphere. Ultraviolet radiations are high energy electromagnetic waves emitted by the sun which if enters the earth’s atmosphere can lead to various environmental issues including global warming, and also a number of health related issues for all living organisms. Thanks to the ozone layer which protects us from these harmful rays.From the 1970s the depletion of the ozone layer started to capture the attention of the scientists and environmentalists. There has been also a lot of research to find out possible solutions to this problem. Let us see some of the important causes and effects of ozone layer depletion

Causes of ozone layer depletion-The main things that lead to destruction of the ozone gas in the ozone layer. Low temperatures, increase in the level of chlorine and bromine gases in the upper stratosphere are some of the reasons that lead to ozone layer depletion. But the one and the most important reason for ozone layer depletion is the production and emission of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). This is what which leads to almost 80 percent of the total ozone layer depletion.

Effects of ozone layer depletion

. The depletion of ozone layer allows entering of UV rays from sun into the earth’s atmosphere which is associated with a number of health and environmental related issues. Let us see its major impacts on human beings

 It can lead to skin cancer,eye damage,damage to Immune system,and aging of skin.Exposure to UV rays can also lead to difficulty in breathing, chest pain, and throat irritation and can even lead to hampering of lung function.

UV rays affect other life forms too. It adversely affects the different species of amphibians and is one of the prime reasons for the declining numbers of the amphibian species. UV rays also have adverse effect on the marine ecosystem. It adversely affects the planktons which plays a vital role in the food chain and oceanic carbon cycle.  Affecting phytoplankton will in turn affect the whole ocean ecosystem.

UV rays will also affect the plants. UV radiations can alter the time of flowering in some plant species. It can also directly affect the plant growth by altering the physiological and developmental processes of the plants.

Effect of ozone depletion on environment

Ozone layer depletion leads to decrease in ozone in the stratosphere and increase in ozone present in the lower atmosphere. Presence of ozone in the lower atmosphere is considered as a pollutant and a greenhouse gas. Ozone in the lower atmosphere contributes to global warming and climate change. The depletion of ozone layer has trickle down effects in the form of global warming, which in turn leads to melting of polar ice, which will lead to rising sea levels and climatic changes around the world.

Ways to bring down ozone layer depletion

Ozone layer depletion is not something that affects any specific country or region. The whole world is vulnerable to its after effects. That makes it important for each and every one of us to take actions to reduce ozone layer depletion. At individual level each and everyone also can contribute towards reducing ozone layer depletion. Buying and using recycled products, saving of energy, using of public transport can do a lot in combating ozone layer depletion. The most important thing that we can do is spreading awareness. Our individual efforts will go a long way in saving the earth’s blanket and keep our planet earth livable for us and our future generations.

Conclusion

The ozone layer is what saves the Earth and the living organisms from the harmful radiations of the sun. It is necessary to understand its importance and work to control the depletion of this layer.

LMS  the Best School in the valley aspires to create awareness amongst students so that they become conscious and develop love and care for their environment and help in making the world a better place to live. The students of class viii were given this topic and the response was really commendable. Some of the students who deserve special mention are  Aarav Mehta, Aditi Jamwal, Ananya Kaushal, Aryan Thakur, Diya Gupta,Rishika Sharda and Suryanshu Sehgal.